Mr. Orff also said this: "Music is not our purpose, music is a means for us to achieve the distribution of the heart ." What we focus on in Orff teaching is not the result, but the process of each student participating in the activity.
Orff's teaching method emphasizes the synthesis of art education. It combines language, rhythm and music teaching, through rhythm recitation, clapping and other human instruments, music games, singing, dancing, painting, playing small plays, playing Orff instruments and other forms, children are not only interested in participating in music activities, and improve language ability, understanding and performance ability.
Orff's teaching method encourages children's innovative spirit. There are a lot of opportunities for children to improvise and innovate in music activities. The special Orff instrument allows children to quickly express the idea of music on the instrument and enjoy the fun of creation.
Orff's teaching method emphasizes localization. Orff's educational ideas can be perfectly combined with local cultural heritage, which is one of the important reasons why Orff's teaching method can spread all over the world quickly. While teaching Orff, children can also inherit the cultural heritage of their own nation.
[Classification of Orff instruments ]:
In Orff's teaching, piano, violin and other musical instruments are generally not used, but refined percussion instruments are used. There are two types of fixed pitch that can play melody and rhythm without fixed pitch.
There is no fixed pitch percussion instrument in the combination. Generally based on four categories.
Wood: single, double-ring cylinder, wooden stick, wooden fish, frog box, etc. The sound is crisp, bright and has no continuous sound.
Scattered sound: sand hammer, string Bell, sound is characterized by small volume, scattered sound, sustainable long sound.
Leather: various drum instruments. Generally, there is a resonance sound, the sound is low, and the volume is large.
Metal: triangular iron, Bell, etc., the biggest feature is the continuous sound, crisp.
In addition, there are many percussion music with special sound, such as frog Naruto, especially in every country, there are some very unique musical instruments such as all kinds of gongs and scorpions in China, you can add features to the above musical instrument groups.
In music education, it also emphasizes the content of hands-on participation-self-made musical instruments, which can enable children to understand the pronunciation principle of musical instruments, the structure principle of musical instruments, etc, the easiest thing to do in all kinds of musical instruments is to blow musical instruments, such as cans, paper cups with sand scattered, or to string the lid and string it together as a string Bell; that is afraid that a pair of chopsticks is a wooden musical instrument; cartons that can make sounds, buckets can be used as drum instruments; when children use their own percussion to play a percussion ensemble of their own design, pleasant Mood and interest are no less than using real instruments. This creative invention also cultivates children's practical ability and creativity.
The second category of Orff instruments is Instruments with fixed pitch. The piano is mainly made of high, medium and low wood and metal high, medium and low aluminum plates (or synthetic metal such as steel sheets, there is also a higher and more crisp Xiao Zhong Qin. There are also a small number of strings in the Orff instrument preparation, mainly referring to bass string instruments with only two strings like the double cello.
Children's toys can be divided into the following ten types:
[Jigsaw puzzle]: improve children's cognitive ability, analytical ability, imagination, and cultivate children's sense of accomplishment.
[Game toys]: On the basis of improving children's cognitive ability, cultivate children's hands-on and brain-moving ability, their thinking, exercise operation skills and hand-eye coordination ability.
[Digital abacus text]: while training children's inlay ability, practice big movements, train children's fine movements, and inspire children to accurately understand shapes, numbers and quantities, in turn, exercise muscle flexibility.
[Tools]: mainly let children know and master the shape, color and structure of various tools, and train children's practical hands-on operation ability, hand-eye coordination ability and imagination in this process.
[Puzzle combination]: cultivate children's spatial imagination ability and fine hands-on operation ability, thus deepening the rational understanding of time, animals, transportation, housing shape, color, etc.
[Building blocks]: stimulate children's practical interest, cultivate children's awareness of reasonable combination and spatial imagination; clever drag design, exercise children's walking ability, encourage children's sense of accomplishment.
[Traffic toys]: by improving children's understanding and understanding of the structure of trains, cars and various engineering vehicles, they can train their ability to assemble, drag and organize on some basis, improve hands-on awareness and self-care ability, and understand the transformation relationship between objects through spelling.
[Drag type]: improve children's cognitive ability, let them know the different characteristics of various animals according to different drag animals, and exercise their walking ability in a wide range.
[Jigsaw puzzle toy class]: it consists of various shapes and rich jigsaw puzzle. On the basis of children's cognition of the combination, splitting and re-combination of graphics, it exercises the ability to think independently, at the same time, cultivate their patience and perseverance.
[Cartoon dolls]: When parents are busy, they need some entertainment toys to accompany children, while cute cartoon dolls are widely welcomed by children.